Shahi Zinda is a tomb and the most visited landmark in Samarkand. It is also known as “Street of Tombs”, with various mausoles adorned with blue domes, beautifully decorated doors, terracotta buildings and stained glass windows. The name Shahi Zinda comes from the legend of Qusam ibn Abbas, the cousin of Prophet Muhammad who was buried there. According to legend, Qusam was mortally wounded and fled underground, where he continued to live, hence the name of the cemetery, Shahi-Zinda.
Gur Emir, or Tamerlane tomb. Of all the mausoleums, Gur Emir is probably one of the greates. It consists of cylinders, domes or cones, a purely geometric masterpiece. It was erected 1403-1404 by order of Temur, and was intended for his favorite grandson Muhammad Sultan but later Temurid’s family mausoleum. After his death, at the age of 69, Temur’s body was perfumed with rose water, musk and camphor, placed in a chest decorated with precious stones and transported to his beloved Samarkand. He died of old age in 1405, during a period when he wanted to conquer the Ming Dynasty of China.
Large square surrounded by religious complexes with mosques, khans and madrasas. These beautiful buildings, built at different times between 1370 and 1500, are held up to the sky “with its large portals, two minarets, thousands of blue tiles and marble.” An Arabic proverb is printed on a building, “If you want to understand us, investigate our monuments. “The registry means” sandy place. “Classic blue domes and mosaics cover every inch of the walls.
Ismail Samani mausoleum is one of Bukhara’s oldest monuments and dates from the 11th century. Built by the emir of the Samanid dynasty, Ismail Samani also called “Amir Adil”. The mausoleum is built-in delicate terracotta, covered by a hemispherical dome.The construction and artistic details of the brick, are still impressive and show traditional elements that go back to pre-Islamic culture. Thick walls (up to 1.8 m) protecting monuments from destruction throughout the millennium.
The Ark Citadel is a massive fortress in the city of Buchara, originally built around the 5th century. In addition to being a military structure, it mainly comprised a city and was inhabited by various royal houses that ruled the region surrounding Bukhara.
On the way to the big shopping street, near the “shakhristan”,you can find Po-i-Kalyan (also Poi Kalyan), various religious buildings that surround the great Kalyan mine, from the 7th century, which are repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, then burns and war raged.
Itchan Kala, a fortified city that was the last stop before the caravans crossed the desert towards Iran and is now on UNESCO World Heritage list. It is a well-preserved example of Muslim architecture in Central Asia, during this era. You will find prominent structures such as the Djuma mosque, mausoleums and madrasas and two magnificent palaces built in the early 1900s by Alla-Kulli-Khan.
A mausoleum was built by Abubakr Muhammad Kaffal Shashi – a well-known Muslim scholar imam,who were born in Tashkent, preached on Shafiism in Tashkent, connoisseurs of the Qur’an, Hadith, Islamic law and lexicology. In the 17th century, during the Sheybanid period, Tashkent culture, trade and craft center Mawarannahr. Then the Kaffal Shashi mausoleum was rebuilt on the ruins atop the old building, which was one of the most important shrines in the city. In the mid-17th century, the complex consisted of the Kaffal Shashi mausoleum and Barakhan Madrassah, which were combined into a single complex with two mausoles – Unnamed and Suyunij Khan. In 1579 a new mausoleum was built by Sheikh Babahodzhi.